Cyber-attacks, trolling and hybrid warfare instigated by Russian authorities is on the increase. Journalists stand on the front line of the battle against false news and covert propaganda campaigns that try to undermine both the profession of journalism and our society. After having gagged the Russian press, Vladimir Putin is now targeting media, politicians and Russian dissidents in the West. But what are the strategies that the Kremlin utilizes to manipulate, undermine and ridicule western journalists into submitting to the Russian world view?
Journalists Øysten Bogen, Kjetil Stormark and Jessika Aro have all experienced this first hand. What have journalists done to deserve becoming targets for government-commissioned trolls, propogandists and cyber-warriors?